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U.S. Census Information

U.S. Census Information

Native American

According to the 2010 census, 78% of Native Americans (American Indian and/or Alaska Native) live off tribal lands. American Indians and Alaskan Natives make up the largest undercount of any race in the United States at nearly 5%. As the original people of this land, these numbers are unacceptable and manifest themselves in profound ways in our community.

The City of Albuquerque ranks sixth in the U.S. for a city that has highest percentage of Native Americans and has as many as 400 tribes represented. A recent Point-in-Time Count by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development estimates that as much as 44% of the homeless population in Albuquerque are Native American.

How should I respond to the race question if I am Native American?

An individual’s response to the 2020 Census race question is based upon self-identification. The US Census Bureau does not tell individuals which boxes to mark or what heritage to write in.

People who identify as American Indian and Alaska Native may mark the American Indian and Alaska Native checkbox and enter the name of their enrolled or principal tribe(s) in the write-in area.

People may report multiple races and/or report multiple detailed groups. Each specific write-in area will record up to 200 characters and up to 6 detailed groups, allowing for long names and multiple groups to be reported.

It is highly encouraged to write in name of tribe as it appears in the US Federal Register.

New Mexico Tribes as name appears in US Federal Register:

  • Jicarilla Apache Nation
  • Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation
  • Navajo Nation
  • Ohkay Owingeh (previously listed as the Pueblo of San Juan)
  • Pueblo of Acoma
  • Pueblo of Cochiti
  • Pueblo of Jemez
  • Pueblo of Isleta
  • Pueblo of Laguna
  • Pueblo of Nambe
  • Pueblo of Picuris
  • Pueblo of Pojoaque
  • Pueblo of San Felipe
  • Pueblo of San Ildefonso
  • Pueblo of Sandia
  • Pueblo of Santa Ana
  • Pueblo of Santa Clara
  • Kewa Pueblo (previously listed as the Pueblo of Santo Domingo)
  • Pueblo of Taos
  • Pueblo of Tesuque
  • Pueblo of Zia
  • Ute Mountain Ute Tribe (previously listed as the Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation)
  • Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation


The Census Bureau calls counting people experiencing homelessness “Service-Based Enumeration.”

Service-Based Enumeration provides an opportunity for people experiencing homelessness to be counted in the census. Through this process, people will be counted where they stay or receive services or at predetermined outdoor locations between April 29 – May 1.

Where Is Service-Based Enumeration Conducted?

The Census Bureau counts people who receive services at the following types of locations:

  • Emergency and transitional shelters (with sleeping facilities) where people who may be experiencing homelessness stay overnight. These include shelters that operate on a first-come, first-served basis, where people must leave in the morning and have no guaranteed bed for the next night; shelters where people know that they have a bed for a specified period of time, even if they leave the building every day; and shelters that provide temporary refuge during extreme weather.
  • Soup kitchens that provide meals, distributed in food service lines or bag or box lunches, primarily to people who may be experiencing homelessness.
  • Regularly scheduled mobile food van stops that provide meals at regularly scheduled stops and that primarily serve people who may be experiencing homelessness.
  • Pre-identified non-sheltered outdoor locations where people experiencing homelessness live without paying.

How Does Service-Based Enumeration Work?

A Census Bureau representative conducts an in-person interview with each person who is served or staying at a given service-based location on Census Day. Each interview takes approximately 10 minutes.

Shelters may also choose paper response data collection as their enumeration method. In this case, a Census Bureau representative meets with the group quarters administrator to obtain a paper listing of census response data for each person who is served or staying at the facility on Census Day.

Immigrants & Refugees


There is no citizenship question on the 2020 Census.

Everyone, including non-citizens, should complete the census and be counted.

The law prevents the Census Bureau from sharing information with any law enforcement.

For more information about how Census is building trust to ensure a complete count, visit this link