Relocating and Imprisoning Japanese Americans

Relocating and Imprisoning Japanese Americans

The federal government arrested 1,291 Japanese political and religious leaders within hours after Japan attacked the Navy base at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. On February 19, 1942, Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066. The decree authorized the government to relocate persons with ties to countries fighting against the United States. Technically the order only applied to Washington, Oregon, California and Arizona and did not specify people of Japanese ancestry.
Officers rounded-up 117,000 persons of Japanese ancestry and held them in relocation camps until the war ended. Almost 70,000 of these individuals were American citizens and others had lived in the country for several decades.
A prison camp for arrested leaders was located in Santa Fe. It held 4,555 Japanese men who were held without formal charges or jury trials. The 1988 Civil Liberties Act compensated more than 100,000 individuals of Japanese descent who were incarcerated during the war.

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Miki Hayakawa, Portrait of Bill Ford

Unidentified Artist, Hayakawa's Exhibition at the Museum of Fine Arts

Unidentified artist, Miki Hayakawa with other Santa Fe Artists, ca. 1940s

Jerry West, Japanese Internment Camp (Sante Fe), 2009

Cane from Lordsburg, NM Internment Camp, ca. 1940s